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Why is Bitcoin mining so popular and How does it work?

by Byrne Anderson
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A cryptocurrency known as Bitcoin has gained wide popularity due to its wild price swings. New Bitcoins are created through Bitcoin mining, which is how they come into existence.

The Bitcoin mining process creates new Bitcoins by solving extremely complex math problems that verify Bitcoin transactions. The miner receives a predetermined amount of Bitcoin when a Bitcoin is successfully mined.

As cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies have skyrocketed in price in recent years, mining has become increasingly appealing. However, for most people, Bitcoin mining is not a good investment due to its complexity and high cost. However, for most people, Bitcoin mining is not a good investment due to its complexity and high cost.

What is Bitcoin?

As one of the most popular types of cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin is a digital medium of exchange only available online. Bitcoin is based on a distributed ledger or decentralized computer network that tracks transactions. A new Bitcoin is created, or mined, when computers on the network verify and process transactions.

Miners, or distributed computers, process the transaction for a Bitcoin payment.

A cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin is powered by the blockchain, the same technology that powers many other cryptocurrencies. Blockchains are decentralized ledgers that record all transactions across a network. Several approved transactions are combined to form a block, which is then joined into a chain. This document functions as an ongoing public record, almost like a long-running receipt. Mining Bitcoins is the process of adding a new block to the chain.

How does mining Bitcoin work?

During the process of creating a block, Bitcoin miners need to solve extremely complex math problems that require high-powered computers and a great deal of electricity to solve. Computer hardware required for this process is known as application-specific integrated circuits, or ASICs, and can cost up to $10,000. The use of ASICs consumes a large amount of electricity, which has drawn criticism from environmental groups.

The miner who adds a successful block to the blockchain will be rewarded with 6.25 Bitcoins. Approximately every 4 years, or roughly every 210,000 blocks, the rewards are cut in half.  The Bitcoin price in January 2022 was about $43,000, which makes 6.25 Bitcoins worth about $270,000.

Due to Bitcoin’s high volatility, miners often have difficulty knowing what their payment might be worth when they receive it.

Can Bitcoin mining be profitable?

The situation varies. However, even if Bitcoin miners were successful, it’s unlikely they would end up being profitable since the equipment and electricity are so expensive in the beginning. According to a report from the Congressional Research Service, one ASIC can use as much electricity as half a million PlayStation 3 devices.

By joining a mining pool, you will be able to share in some of the high costs of mining. It is true that pools allow miners to share resources and add more capabilities, but when resources are shared, rewards are also split, so the potential payout when mining through a pool can be lower. As a result of the volatility of Bitcoin’s price, it is sometimes difficult to know exactly how much you’re earning.

What is the best way to start mining Bitcoins?

The following are the basics you need to start mining Bitcoin:

  • The Wallet: This is where you will store any Bitcoin you earn as a result of your mining activities. A secure Bitcoin wallet is an encrypted online account that stores, transfers and accepts Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. A number of companies offer wallet options for cryptocurrency, including Coinbase, Trezor, and Exodus.
  • Software for mining: Mining software is available from many different providers, and many of them are free to download and run on both Windows and Mac computers. After the software is connected to the necessary hardware, mining Bitcoin will become possible.
  • Equipment for computers: A major cost-prohibiting factor involved in Bitcoin mining is hardware. In order to successfully mine Bitcoin, you will need a powerful computer that consumes a lot of electricity. Hardware costs are not unusual to be in the range of $10,000 or more.

Risks associated with Bitcoin mining

  • Volatility in price: Since Bitcoin was introduced in 2009, its price has fluctuated widely. Just within the past year, Bitcoin’s price has gone from less than $30,000 to nearly $69,000. Due to this type of volatility, miners do not know if the high costs of mining will outweigh the reward.
  • Regulatory framework: Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin have been embraced by few governments, and many are skeptical of them due to the fact they operate outside government control. There is always the risk that governments could outlaw the mining of Bitcoin or As China did in 2021, they eliminated cryptocurrencies altogether citing financial risks and increased speculative trading.

Taxes associated with Bitcoin mining

It is important to keep in mind the impact of taxes on Bitcoin mining. Cryptocurrency prices have ballooned in recent years, and the IRS is cracking down on owners and traders. Keep these tax considerations in mind when mining Bitcoin.

  • Do you own a business? You may be able to deduct Bitcoin mining expenses you incur for tax purposes if it is your business. The value of the Bitcoin you earn would be your revenue. If mining is your hobby, you probably can’t deduct your expenses.
  • The Bitcoin mined is income. You will be taxed at ordinary income rates if you are successful in mining Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies.
  • The capital gains. The sale of Bitcoins at a profit over the price you received them qualifies as a capital gain, which is taxed in the same way as a traditional asset such as stocks or bonds.

Find out more about basic tax rules for Bitcoin, Ethereum, and other cryptocurrencies in Bankrate’s cryptocurrency taxes guide.


It’s difficult and expensive to actually profit from Bitcoin mining, despite it sounding appealing. The extreme volatility in Bitcoin’s price further adds to uncertainty.

As a speculative asset, Bitcoin itself has no intrinsic value; as a result, it cannot be backed by gold and has no intrinsic value. In order for you to make a profit on a sale, you have to sell it for a higher price. However, the price may not be high enough.

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