Nairobi, Nov. 15 (EFE) .- Amnesty International (AI) accused multinationals such as Renault, Daimler, Microsoft or Lenovo not carry out the necessary measures to tackle the exploitation of children in the cobalt mines in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), in a report released today.
The document states that some of the large electronic and automotive firms worldwide declined to answer questions from AI on the origin of cobalt used in batteries, two years after a report published by this organization on the link of this metal child labor in mines in the DRC.
"Two years later, some of the richest and most powerful companies in the world still make excuses for not investigating their suppliers, and those who do not report the humanitarian risks and abuses they discover," says the director of Business and Rights human AI, Seema Joshi.
Joshi added that "now growing demand for rechargeable batteries, companies have a responsibility to show that they are not benefiting from the misery of the miners working in terrible conditions in the DRC".
This central African country comes over half the world's cobalt, key material for the production of lithium ion, of which 20% is manually extracted in Congolese mines involving a high risk of fatal accidents or lung diseases .
The dossier published today by Amnesty International, entitled "Time to recharge", reveals that of the 28 companies linked to a Chinese firm called cobalt processing Huayou Cobalt positive developments are detected in Apple, which leads the table in terms of responsible companies responsible for obtaining this material-, Dell or HP.
However, the report also regrets that companies like Apple have identified smelters that obtain cobalt but not the risks for their workers.
Meanwhile, other leading vendors like Microsoft have not even given details of its suppliers, which for AI means that "not even meet basic international standards", something to accuse other 26 companies in which a pattern is repeated "lack of transparency".
To remedy this situation, the report proposes that the action plan proposed by the Government of the DRC to be reformed with "a concrete timeframe, clear responsibilities and an operational plan for its implementation".
AI also requires companies involved to "identify, prevent, solve and take responsibility" for violations of human rights taking place in the production of cobalt which are nourished.
"Wherever one of these companies has contributed or has benefited" of child exploitation, says the report, "must work to get them out and support his return to schools and health and psychological needs."